# Plotting polytopes in 3D - Example 1

With gMOIP you can make 3D plots of the polytope/feasible region/solution space of a linear programming (LP), integer linear programming (ILP) model, or mixed integer linear programming (MILP) model. This vignette gives examples on how to make plots given a model with three variables.

library(gMOIP)

We define the model $$\max \{cx | Ax \leq b\}$$ (could also be minimized) with three variables:

A <- matrix( c(
3, 2, 5,
2, 1, 1,
1, 1, 3,
5, 2, 4
), nc = 3, byrow = TRUE)
b <- c(55, 26, 30, 57)
obj <- c(20, 10, 15)

We load the preferred view angle for the RGL window:

view <- matrix( c(-0.412063330411911, -0.228006735444069, 0.882166087627411, 0, 0.910147845745087,
-0.0574885793030262, 0.410274744033813, 0, -0.042830865830183, 0.97196090221405,
0.231208890676498, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1), nc = 4)

The LP polytope:

loadView(v = view, close = F, zoom = 0.75)
plotPolytope(A, b, plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj)

Note you can zoom/turn/twist the figure with your mouse (rglwidget).

The ILP model with LP and ILP faces:

loadView(v = view)
mfrow3d(nr = 1, nc = 2, sharedMouse = TRUE)
plotPolytope(A, b, faces = c("c","c","c"), type = c("i","i","i"), plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj,
argsTitle3d = list(main = "With LP faces"), argsPlot3d = list(box = F, axes = T) )
plotPolytope(A, b, faces = c("i","i","i"), type = c("i","i","i"), plotFeasible = FALSE, obj = obj,
argsTitle3d = list(main = "ILP faces") )

Let us have a look at some MILP models. MILP model with variable 1 and 3 integer:

loadView(v = view, close = T, zoom = 0.75)
plotPolytope(A, b, faces = c("c","c","c"), type = c("i","c","i"), plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj)

MILP model with variable 2 and 3 integer:

loadView(v = view, zoom = 0.75)
plotPolytope(A, b, faces = c("c","c","c"), type = c("c","i","i"), plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj)

MILP model with variable 1 and 2 integer:

loadView(v = view, zoom = 0.75)
plotPolytope(A, b, faces = c("c","c","c"), type = c("i","i","c"), plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj)

MILP model with variable 1 integer:

loadView(v = view, zoom = 0.75)
plotPolytope(A, b, type = c("i","c","c"), plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj, plotFaces = FALSE)

MILP model with variable 2 integer:

loadView(v = view, zoom = 0.75)
plotPolytope(A, b, type = c("c","i","c"), plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj, plotFaces = FALSE)

MILP model with variable 3 integer:

loadView(v = view, zoom = 0.75)
plotPolytope(A, b, type = c("c","c","i"), plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj, plotFaces = FALSE)